Food banks in the The Global FoodBanking Network
The data for each country provides the socioeconomic and food security context in which the food bank operates. All source data are from 2018 or the most recent calendar year available.
Population: US Census Bureau International Data Base https://www.census.gov/data-tools/demo/idb/informationGateway.php
The US Census Bureau’s International Data Base population estimates and projections use a variety of data from surveys, censuses, surveys, vital registrations, and administrative records. The most recent update was from September 2018, providing a midyear estimate for 2019.
Population children (0–14): The World Bank https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.0014.TO.ZS
The World Bank’s estimates are based on age/sex distributions of the United Nations Population Division’s World Population Prospects: 2017 Revision.
Median age: UN DESA, Statistics Division, International Data Base https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population
The median age divides the age distribution into two equal parts: one-half of the cases falls below the median age and one-half above the median.
Urban population growth: The World Bank https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.URB.GROW
Urban population growth refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The World Bank’s estimates are based on the United Nations Population Division’s World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
OECD Better Life Index: Organization for Economic and Co-operative Development (OECD) http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/#/11111111111
The Better Life Index is an independent measure of well-being developed for the 36 countries that are members of OECD. The measure considers 11 essential categories, including housing, income, jobs, and health.
Poverty rate: The World Bank http://povertydata.worldbank.org/poverty/home
Hong Kong: Census and Statistics Department, Government of Hong Kong SAR https://www.censtatd.gov.hk/hkstat/sub/so461.jsp
Taiwan: National Statistics, Republic of Taiwan, Well-Being Indicators https://eng.stat.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=41151&CtNode=6411&mp=5
The national poverty head count ratio, developed using population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys, is the percentage of the population living below a country’s national poverty line.
Prevalence of moderate and severe food insecurity: FAO 2019 http://www.fao.org/3/ca5162en/ca5162en.pdf
Food security is defined as existing “when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food which meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.”
Prevalence of undernourishment: FAO 2019 http://www.fao.org/3/ca5162en/ca5162en.pdf
The prevalence of undernourishment calculates the number of people worldwide “whose habitual food consumption is insufficient to provide the dietary energy levels that are required to maintain a normal active and healthy life.”
Food Insecurity Index: The Economist Intelligence Unit 2018 https://foodsecurityindex.eiu.com
The Global Food Security Index is calculated using 28 indicators assessing food’s affordability, availability, and quality across a set of 113 countries.
Global Hunger Index: Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe 2018 https://www.globalhungerindex.org/results
The Global Hunger Index is an index calculated using available data on hunger and malnourishment, including prevalence of undernourishment, wasting, stunting, and mortality. The closer the number to zero, the closer a country is to Zero Hunger.
Human Development Index: United Nations Development Programme http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries
The Human Development Index assesses a country’s level of human development through the dimensions of a long and healthy life, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. A score of one would mean achieving the highest levels of human development.
Progress toward SDG 2: Sustainable Development Report 2019 https://www.sdgindex.org
This measures a country’s progress toward meeting all 17 of the objectives outlines in the UN Sustainable Development Goals. A score of 100 would signify 100 percent progress to the best possible outcome.
Stunting: FAO 2019 http://www.fao.org/3/ca5162en/ca5162en.pdf
The height-for-age nutritional index is used to measure stunting in children, which is also referred to as chronic undernutrition in the early years of life.
Wasting: FAO 2019 http://www.fao.org/3/ca5162en/ca5162en.pdf
Wasting—or acute malnutrition—measures the rate of children under five who are thin for their height due to inadequate nutrition.
GDP: The World Bank https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ny.gdp.mktp.cd
Taiwan: Department of Statistics, Directorate General Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Government of Taiwan, https://eng.stat.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=37408&CtNode=5347&mp=5
An estimate of the gross domestic product provides a glimpse into a country’s economic performance or prosperity.
Country comparison to the world: The World Bank https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/gdp-ranking
This provides context into where a country’s economic performance ranks within the world.
GINI Index: The World Bank https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GIN
Hong Kong: Census and Statistics Department, June 2017, Thematic Report: Household Income Distribution in Hong Kong, pages 145 and 231, Table 8.1
Singapore and Taiwan: CIA World Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook
The GINI Index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A GINI Index of zero represents perfect equality and 100 represents perfect inequality.
Principal agricultural products: US Department of Agriculture Foreign Agricultural Service GAIN Reports https://gain.fas.usda.gov/Pages/Default.aspx
Labor force: The World Bank 2017 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.TLF.TOTL.IN
The labor force is the sum of persons in a country of working age, who are employed, plus persons unemployed. These two groups represent the current supply of labor.
Unemployment: The World Bank https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.UEM.TOTL.ZS
The unemployment rate is the percentage of persons in the labor force who are unemployed.